Bangalore map of 1791

by Guruprasad

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220 years old map of Bangalore!!
Prepared on 22nd March 1791, by Lord Cornwallis during the Third Anglo-Mysore War, with a plan to attack Bangalore. At that time, the town just comprised of today’s Avenue road, Chikpet & surrounding areas (Which is also popularly called petta by British and Pete, pronounced as “pay-tay” by locals).

The town was enclosed by thick hedges/bushes and a strong fort adjoining it at the south part.

During the third Anglo-Mysore War, Since Tipu was the ruler, Srirangapatna was the capital of Mysore Kingdom. While approaching Srirangapatna from North, Bangalore is on the way. So, Lord Cornwallis chalked out the strategy to attack Bangalore and successfully captured the town and its fort, and established his base. Next step was to strike Srirangapatna. But the British army was taken aback due to a flurry of Rockets launched by Tipu during the fight. Tipu had experimented with rocket science in that era and is now considered to be the father of rocket. NASA also acknowledges it

It was a big shame for the British because they were considered to be the pioneers of industrial revolution and the fact that someone from India surprised them with such revolutionary weapons (rockets) did not go down well with them and Lord Cornwallis was made a big laughing stock all over UK with cartoons like these in 1790s.

In the 4th Anglo-Mysore War in 1799, Srirangapatna was finally captured due to the unethical practice of Tipu’s minister, Mir Sadiq.

The whole of Mysore came under British control and they setup their Military base at Srirangapatna in 1799, which was considered their prized possession. But due to the alleged mosquito problems there, and the fact that Bangalore had a much better climate, it was an obvious step to move the military base to Bangalore 10 years later (in 1809).

Since the British Military needed luxury for their stay, they went on improving their Military base and surrounding areas. Nobody from the Petta was allowed to visit this newly established British Military station. Only public spaces like Cubbon Park & Lal Bagh was open to the Petta dwellers (local ppl).

Over the next 100 years, the Petta was ignored by British, it became more and more congested whereas the Military Station of British became a luxurious space.

Have a look at 1924 map of Bangalore showing how Bangalore was made up of 2 parallel towns i.e One for Civil (local people), another for Military (British). Notice the boundary separating them:
Notice the well formed layouts like Basavanagudi, Malleshwaram in the Civil town? The British formed it and started showing interest in developing the Civil area as well. If you had checked this album’s previous photo and its description, you will know why the layouts were formed.
After Indian independence in 1947, both the Civil and Military parts of Bangalore were combined and made into Bangalore Urban City. And the rest is history