1955 photo of Vidhana Soudha under construction. The construction began in 1952 and was inaugrated in 1956.
If you had read the history of Bangalore under this pic, you can recall that although Mysore was the royal city, Bangalore had all the characteristics to become a capital city due to the development done by British.
Capital city, Garden city, Pensioner’s paradise city, Knowledge city, Aerospace capital, Electronics city, IT city, Silicon valley….. These are some of the titles earned by Bangalore.. IT city being more prominent and accepted worldwide now.
Many have a misconception that Bangalore became a knowledge city only recently due to the IT boom in 90s. But if you look back into history even as far as 100 years ago, you can find knowledge being the USP of Bangalore.
India’s most premier research institute, IISc (formerly called Tata Institute) was established in Bangalore in 1909, by Jamsetji Tata.
Other reputed science institutes were Central college (1858), St Joseph’s college (1882). UVCE was established in 1917 by Sir M. Visvesvaraya. Engineering colleges like RVCE (1963), BMS (1946) and many more had established themselves as reputed centres for technical education by 1960s
Due to Nehru’s vision of socialistic model, several PSUs were established across India and Bangalore became the obvious choice due to existence of several technical institutions in the city. Bangalore became the Aerospace capital of India, after HAL was established in 1940 and NAL in 1960. It became the space capital after ISRO moved its HQ to Bangalore in 1972.Several more technology related PSUs were established, like ITI (Indian Telephone Industries) in 1948, HMT in 1953, BEL in 1954, BEML in 1964, ADA in 1984.
One can say the era from 1950 to 1980 was the PSU boom time in Bangalore.
In 1980s, the focus shifted from PSU to IT industry. Infosys & Wipro had already established their base. In 1985, Texas Instruments was the first MNC to setup an IT centre.
in 1990s, most of the major IT players had begun showing their interest in outsourcing to India, and Bangalore was the one stop destination. Here is a rare and interesting clip from 1998 showing how Bangalore was preparing itself to become a major IT hub:
In 2000s, there was no looking back at all. The recession of 2001 and recession of 2008 had in fact pushed Indian IT to much higher level (due to more cost cutting leading to more outsourcing).
How such an outsourcing boom affected Indians and Americans is an interesting topic by itself and you can read it in another pic of this album here:
In the last 20 years, Bangalore has seen a paradigm shift in terms of culture, standard of living etc. It has become more cosmopolitan and traffic chaos has been haunting it for some time now. Infrastructure has collapsed. Inspite of these, the city remains the top destination for IT outsourcing. How Bangalore has been battling with such problems and what caused it in the first place is another interesting story which I will be narrating later using a different photo :)